Bacterial vaginosis is a type of vaginal inflammation caused by excess of bacteria naturally found in the vagina or caused by other agents like parasites and yeast.

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is not a sexually transmitted disease, but an infection which can be transmitted from one sexual partner to the other. It is caused by the overgrowth of one of several bacteria presents naturally in the vagina.

Gardnerella vaginalis is the scientific name for a species of bacteria that lives inside your body, working alongside trillions of other microorganisms to keep your vaginal flora balanced. But Gardnerella can sometimes go rogue and start multiplying too fast, contributing to a common reproductive health condition called bacterial vaginosis (BV). Trichomonas and Candida species are also known agents of vaginitis.